But beyond these fuzzy exteriors, koalas hide an array of unusual characteristics, from a eucalyptus-based diet the leaves are poisonous to most other mammals to a deadly susceptibility to chlamydia. In Queensland, the greatest concentration of koalas is in South East Queensland where they now compete for space with a rapidly growing human population. The situation was so dire that they became extinct in the state of South Australia. Koalas live in southeastern and eastern Australia — in the states of Queensland, new South Wales, South Australia and Victoria — in the eucalyptus forests and woodlands. Each koala has its own favorite local trees from which it eats.
Koala Food Trees
This is a shared trait with wombats who use this to protect their young from being covered in dirt during when digging burrows. But here are a few other, more surprising things you might not have known about koalas. Very fussy eaters, they use their excellent sense of smell to select the best tasting leaves. The bark is rough, fibrous, grey or grey-brown, held in flattish strips rather than like typical stringy bark. Koalas can make other sounds, from snores to screams. This is a small to medium sized tree grows up to 30 metres tall. Adult leaves are narrow, lance shaped, green to grey-green and dull.
BBC One - Super Cute Animals - Koala
The foliage crown is somewhat grayish blue. Tough textured skin on the soles of their feet along with long sharp claws provide traction, and strong thigh muscles aid in climbing. Action Plan for Australia's Marsupials and Monotremes. Motor vehicle accidents and dogs are major causes of death for koalas, along with disease. Pap is a specialised form of faeces, or droppings, which forms an important part of the young koala's diet, allowing it to make the transition from milk to eucalyptus leaves, rather like a human baby is fed "mushy" food when it starts to eat solids. This is a time of increased activity, and sound levels increase as males bellow more frequently. The cutting back of the original vast forests has created patches of forest separated from each other by treeless land.
Eucalyptus leaves are highly toxic to most mammals, but koalas have digestive systems specially adapted to detoxify the poisonous chemicals in the leaves. Due to the high energy expenditure required to digest their food, which is high in fiber, low in nutrition, and also toxic to most animals and the species low metabolic rate, koalas spend anywhere from 18 to 20 hours of their day sleeping. Koalas become sexually mature at around two or three years, but non-alpha males are far less likely to breed successfully.. These leaves are highly poisonous, hard to digest and very low in nutrition to most other animals. Their fur is grey to brown in colour. If necessary it will supplement this with water from tree hollows and on the ground.